Interstate Compact

For additional information go to the Interstate Commission for Juveniles web page at

The Interstate Compact on Juveniles provides for the transfer of juvenile probation and parole supervision across state lines in order to assure the accountability of the juvenile and provide a measure of community safety in the receiving state.

Through a means of joint and cooperative action among the compacting states the purpose of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles is to:

  • Ensure that the adjudicated juveniles and status offenders subject to this compact are provided adequate supervision and services in the receiving state as ordered by the adjudicating judge or parole authority in the sending state;
  • Ensure that the public safety interests of the citizens, including the victims of juvenile offenders, in both the sending and receiving states are adequately protected;
  • Return juveniles who have run away, absconded or escaped from supervision or control or have been accused of an offense to the state requesting their return;
  • Make contracts for the cooperative institutionalization in public facilities in member states for delinquent youth needing special services;
  • Provide for the effective tracking and supervision of juveniles;
  • Equitably allocate the costs, benefits and obligations of the compacting states;
  • Establish procedures to manage the movement between states of juvenile offenders released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, juvenile departments, or any other criminal or juvenile justice agency which has jurisdiction over juvenile offenders;
  • Ensure immediate notice to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to travel or to relocate across state lines;
  • Establish procedures to resolve pending charges (detainers) against juvenile offenders prior to transfer or release to the community under the terms of this compact;
  • Establish a system of uniform data collection on information pertaining to juveniles subject to this compact that allows access by authorized juvenile justice and criminal justice officials, and regular reporting of Compact activities to heads of state executive, judicial, and legislative branches and juvenile and criminal justice administrators;
  • Monitor compliance with rules governing interstate movement of juveniles and initiate interventions to address and correct noncompliance;
  • Coordinate training and education regarding the regulation of interstate movement of juveniles for officials involved in such activity; and
  • Coordinate the implementation and operation of the compact with the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children, the Interstate compact for Adult Offender Supervision, and other compacts affecting juveniles, particularly in those cases where concurrent or overlapping supervision issues arise.

It is the policy of the compacting states that the activities conducted by the Interstate Commission include the formation of public policies and therefore are public business. Furthermore, the compacting states cooperate and observe their individual and collective duties and responsibilities for the prompt return and acceptance of juveniles subject to the provisions of the compact. The provisions of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles are reasonably and liberally construed to accomplish the purposes and policies of the compact.

ICJ Resources

Benchbook for Judges