Supervision of Youth
OJJ’s regional offices provide supervision services for youth placed in our care and custody. Primary contact with youth and their families, and service delivery, is provided by Field Services staff housed in the Regional Offices.
Youth come under OJJ supervision after being adjudicated delinquent and/or FINS (Families in Need of Services) and a disposition (sentence) is imposed that requires supervision by OJJ. The length of supervision is determined by the judge (in accordance with the Criminal Code) and in most cases, recommended by the Probation and Parole Officer (PPO).
Supervision services include either probation or parole. Parole is supervision of a youth released from a secure care facility to a less restrictive setting where continued supervision is provided by a probation officer. Probation is supervision of a youth who either remains at home or returns to the community following non-secure custody. OJJ provides an array of services based on the needs of the youth and family.
All youth must comply with the standard conditions of supervision. Examples of standard conditions are school attendance and refraining from drug use. Some youth must abide by special conditions identified on the Probation or Parole Order, such as curfew, restitution, community service, supervision fees and specialized treatment programs. If a youth violates the terms of the court-ordered conditions, the PPO files for a revocation hearing. At this hearing the PPO presents testimony and/or evidence describing the violations. The PPO may recommend the next course of action. The court determines if the revocation is appropriate.
The PPO also monitors the youth’s participation and cooperation through regular contacts with the youth, family, and the service providers, and is responsible for regular reports on the youth’s progress to the court.
The PPO schedules and participates in multi-disciplinary team staffings to review the youth’s progress. During these staffings, (meetings to discuss the youth’s case and/or progress) the team will determine if there is cause to approach the court to modify the conditions of supervision. Modifications may be less or more restrictive depending on the youth’s progress. More restrictive modifications may require a court hearing.
The PPO’s role is to monitor and coordinate services for youth on supervision and their families. The PPO administers routine drug screens according to OJJ policy, and contacts schools to determine if a youth has any educational or disciplinary issues and acts as an advocate for youth under certain conditions, but holds the youth accountable at all times. The PPO provides support for the youth to be able to remain in his/her community and become a productive citizen.